A to Z of Ingredient Definitions
Please find below a full list of the ingredients we use in our products and their definitions.
Amylase - An enzyme that helps with digesting starch.
Annatto Extract Colour - A plant extract that is used to give Vision+ capsules their red colour.
Artichoke Leaf Extract - A dry extract from the leaves from artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L.). It contains caffeoylquinic acids and cynaropicrin, the plant compounds that have pharmacological properties.
Bacterial strains - Live friendly bacteria, which have been specifically selected for their properties. The strains found in Probio-8+ are Bifidobacterium lactis W51, Bifidobacterium lactis W52, Enterococcus faecium W54, Lactobacillus acidophilus W22, Lactobacillus paracasei W20, Lactobacillus plantarum W21, Lactobacillus salivarius W24, Lactococcus lactis W19.
Black Garlic Extract - A combination of maltodextrin and the native extract of fermented garlic (Allium sativum L.). It contains S-allylcysteine and polyphenols, the active compounds extracted from black garlic.
Black Iron Oxide - A naturally occurring colourant that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Boswellia Serrata Phospholipid - A complex containing gum resin extracts of Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr), a source of boswellic acids. It also contains soy lecithin, which improves its bioavailability, and the bulking agents microcrystalline cellulose and silicon dioxide.
Brilliant Blue FCF (FD&C Blue1) - A synthetic certified greenish blue dye that is used as colourant in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) - A common bulking agent used in the pharmaceutical industry. It is odourless and tasteless and helps to give tablets their shape and structure.
Cannabidiol Oil - Oil extracted from C. sativa L. (hemp) plant leaves. It contains cannabidiol, a natural phytocannabinoid compound.
Capric Caprylic Triglyceride - A mixture of glycerine and the fatty acids capric and caprylic. It can be used in coating mixture of tablets to protect them from oxidation.
Citrus Bioflavonoids - Bioflavonoids are a group of plant pigments that are responsible for giving fruit their colour; in this case, to citrus fruits such as lemons or oranges. These biologically active compounds possess antioxidant properties.
CocoActiv - A patented ingredient that is made up of a cocoa extract and maltodextrin. This cocoa extract contains high levels of cocoa flavanols (naturally occurring antioxidants).
Co-Enzyme Q10 (also known as Ubiquinone) - A fat soluble molecule, very similar to a vitamin, that is naturally produced by our bodies. It is used by cells in the body to produce energy.
Copper Complex of Chlorophyllins - A natural green food colouring compound, commercially extracted from nettles, grass or alfalfa.
Copper Gluconate - A water-soluble copper salt that is used in food supplements to deliver copper, an essential mineral, into our bodies.
Corn Starch - A natural starch product derived from the corn kernel. It is a fine powder used as a bulking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Cranberry Extract - An extract from North American cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon L.), which is very rich in A2-type proanthocyanidins (PAC), a type of flavonoid. The native extract is combined with magnesium hydroxide and tricalcium phosphate (pharmaceutical binders) to form the cranberry extract found in Cranberry+.
Curcuma Phospholipid Complex - A complex containing curcuminoids (active ingredients) extracted from a naturally sourced dry turmeric extract (Curcuma longa L.). It also contains soy lecithin, which improves its bioavailability, and the bulking agent microcrystalline cellulose.
Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complex - A complex made of gamma-cyclodextrin, a type of carbohydrate derived from starch. It can be combined with bioactive compounds (such as co-enzyme Q10) to boots its bioavailability.
Citric Acid, Anhydrous - Found naturally in citrus fruits like lemons or limes, citric acid is commonly used in the food in the food industry as an acidifier and/or flavouring agent. Anhydrous simply means the water molecules have been removed so it is in a dry powder form.
Dicalcium Phosphate Dihydrate - A bulking and tableting agent commonly used in pharmaceutical manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
EpiCor® (whole yeast fermentate) - A patented whole yeast fermentate (from Saccharomyces cerevisiae). It contains proteins, fibre, polyphenols, vitamins, amino acids, beta-glucans and other metabolites.
Ethyl Vanillin - A flavouring agent that is used to give products a characteristic vanilla taste.
Ester C Calcium Ascorbate - A highly bioavailable form of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) - A plant fibre derived from inulin, that it is known to provide nourishment for bacteria.
Gelatin (Gelatine) - A protein derived from collagen, which can be from bovine (cow) or porcine (pig) origin. It is commonly used in the production of capsule shells for capsules.
Ginger Root Extract - An extract from the root (rhizome) of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). It is rich in gingerols and shogaols, which have a range of biological activities.
Glucosamine Sulphate 2KCl - A potassium chloride (KCl) form of glucosamine sulphate, a naturally occurring chemical found in our bodies. The glucosamine sulphate we use in Joint Advanced+ is derived from shellfish.
Glycerin (Glycerine, Glycerol) - A clear syrupy liquid that is commonly used in the manufacture of foods and pharmaceuticals as a coating, preservative or thickening agent.
Glyceryl (Di)-Behenate - A lubricant and coating agent commonly used in the manufacture of foods and pharmaceuticals as a coating, preservative or thickening agent.
Hemp Seed Oil - Raw oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant (C. sativa L.). It contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose (HPMC) - A cellulose polymer that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals as a thickening and coating agent. It is also used as plant alternative to gelatin in capsule shell production.
Indigotine (FD&C Blue2, Indigo Carmine) - A synthetic certified deep blue dye that is used as colourant in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Inulin - A plant fibre that cannot be digested by the body and that is known to provide food for bacteria in the gut.
Krill Oil - Oil extracted from krill (Euphasia superba), a tiny shrimp-like animal. It is a concentrated source of omega-3 fatty acids, the antioxidant astaxanthin and naturally occurring phospholipids.
LactoLycopene Complex - FutureYou's patented, highly bioavailable lycopene formulation. It combines tomato extract with whey protein, soy lecithin, silicon dioxide and polysorbate 80.
Lecithin - A type of fat that naturally occurs in animal and plant tissues. It is commonly used to stabilise emulsions because it is both hydrophilic and hydrophobic (can attract both water and fatty substances). It can be extracted from multiple sources, including soybeans (soya), sunflower and eggs. The soy lecithin used in our products comes from non-GMO soy beans.
Lemon Balm Extract - An extract from the lemon balm plant (Melissa officinalis L.) which is rich in rosmarinic acid and other polyphenols. The native extract is combined with maltodextrin to form the extract found in FocusZen+.
Lycopene - A red carotenoid naturally found in high amounts in tomatoes. It has antioxidant properties and is responsible for giving the fruit its red colour.
Maize Dextrin - A plant fibre that is known to provide nourishment for bacteria.
Magnesium Lactate-2-Hydrate - Magnesium salt of lactic acid, used in food supplements as source of the essential mineral magnesium. Its sustained release formulation increases the absorption of magnesium.
Magnesium Stearate - The most common anti-caking agent used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. It aids the flow of ingredients and prevents the formation of lumps in the ingredient mix.
Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4) - An inorganic salt included in our Probio-8+ formulation to improve the survival of the bacteria.
Maltodextrin - A carbohydrate that is commonly used as a bulking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Manganese Sulphate (MnSO4-H2O) - An inorganic salt included in our Probio-8+ formulation to improve the survival of the bacteria.
Marigold Extract - A native extract from the marigold flower (Tagetes erecta). It is rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, two carotenoids that are found in the macula of the eye.
Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT) - A type of fat that is commonly used as tablet coating in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Microcrystalline Cellulose - A refined non-digestive plant fibre, commonly used as an emulsifier or bulking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Mono- and Diglycerides - Simple food additives that are used as emulsifiers. Mono- and di- refers to the number of fatty acids in the chemical formula.
Natural Orange Flavouring - A flavouring agent present in our Immunity+ product. It is made of natural extracts combined with migyol, a type of fat that prevents oxidation of the flavouring molecules.
Natural Tomato Extract - A natural source of lycopene.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids (ω-3 Fatty Acids) - A specific type of polyunsaturated fatty acid. These are important for normal metabolism. Humans cannot synthesize omega-3 fatty acids and therefore must obtain them from the diet.
Olive Oil - A food product that can be used as an excipient agent or emulsifier in the manufacture of soft gel capsules. It is also used as a carrier matrix (delivery mechanism) to help with the absorption of certain ingredients.
Polysorbate 80 - A solubilising and emulsifying agent commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Potassoium Chloride (KCl) - An inorganic salt included in our Probio-8+ formulation to improve the survival of the bacteria.
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPP) - An agent added to tablets and/or capsules to help the break down of the product once it has been ingested so the active compound(s) can be absorbed.
Purified Water - Water that has been filtered to remove any impurities.
Red Iron Oxide - A naturally organic red colourant that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Rosemary Extract - A rosemary leaf extract containing carnosic acid, a natural compound that stimulates antioxidant activity in the body.
Silicon Dioxide (Silica) - A natural compound that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products as an anti-caking agent. It can also be found in the coloured coating of capsules.
Sodium Croscarmellose - A compound that helps to break down tablets in the intestinal tract to help absorption. It is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Sodium Selenite - A selenium salt that is used in food supplements as a source of selenium, an essential mineral.
Sorbitol - A low-calorie sweetener commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food products.
Stearic Acid - A fatty acid that is often used as a thickening or an anti-caking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Sunflower Oil - A food product that comes from sunflower seeds. It can be used as an excipient agent or emulsifier in the manufacture of soft gel capsules. It is also used a delivery system to help with the absorption of certain ingredients.
Titanium Dioxide - A naturally occurring white colourant that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Tricalcium Phosphate - A calcium salt that is commonly used as a bulking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Vegetable protein - A plant protein that is included in our Probio-8+ formulation to increase the metabolic activity of the bacteria.
Vitamin B Complex - B vitamins are essential nutrients that play important roles in cell metabolism. They help the body to produce energy by metabolising carbohydrates into glucose, which the body used to make energy. They also help the body metabolise fats and proteins. The eight B vitamins present in our Vitamin B Complex+ are:
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin or thiamine)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
Vitamin B9 (Folate)
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) - An essential vitamin and antioxidant that is involved in protecting cells and keeping them healthy, as well as playing a role in the production of collagen. Vitamin C is water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet every day, as it is not stored by the body.
Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) - An essential fat soluble vitamin that is required for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus found in the body. It helps the body to maintain normal bones and teeth. Vitamin D3 is the natural form of vitamin D that is made by the skin from sunlight.
Vitamin E Acetate - A more stable and less acidic form of vitamin E, a natural antioxidant compound.
Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) - An essential fat soluble vitamin found in animal products and fermented foods such as mature cheeses and 'Natto' (fermented soya beans). It is essential to regulate calcium in the body, promoting bone calcification and preventing calcification of blood vessels.
Whey Protein - A collection of proteins such as albumin and lactoglobulin which are isolated from whey. Whey is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained, as it is a general byproduct of the manufacture of cheese. It is used in our LactoLycopene to improve the bioavailability of lycopene.
White Rice Powder - Also known as rice flour, this is a natural product commonly used as a bulking agent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Yellow Beeswax - A product made from the honeycomb of the honeybee. It can be used as a coating agent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Yellow Colour Dispersion - A combination of colours used in Immunity+. It contains commonly used colourants such as Red and Yellow Iron Oxide.
Yellow Iron Oxide - A naturally occurring yellow colourant that is commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Zinc Citrate Trihydrate - An inorganic salt that is produced by the reaction of citric acid with zinc oxide. Zinc citrate is more bioavailable than zinc oxide.
Zinc Oxide - An inorganic compound that can be used in food supplements as source of zinc.
Anti-caking agent - Used to improve the flow of ingredients and prevent the formation of lumps during the production of tablets and capsules.
Bulking agent - Added to the active ingredient(s) in the formulation of food supplements or pharmaceuticals to help keep the mixture together.
Coating agent - Added to the exterior of a tablet or capsule to make it easier to swallow.
Emulsifier/Emulsifying agent - An inactive substance that stabilises an emulsion. An emulsion is a combination of liquids that do not entirely mix, like oil and vinegar in a salad dressing.
Excipient agent - An inactive substance that improves the stability of a product.